The saying goes that dog owners very much look like their dog, or was is the other way around?
You may even share some character traits.
But did you know that your insides are also quite the same with a 63% overlap? And with ‘insides’ I’m referring to the trillions of microbes, bacteria, fungi, etc, that live inside our gut. Their genetic material combines is what we call our microbiome and it’s very important for our immune system, digestion and even how we feel.
“These results suggest that we are more similar to man’s best friend than we originally thought.”, said leading scientist Luis Pedro Coelho.
Another interesting finding from this article is that overweight or obese dogs experience larger compositional shifts than lean dogs in response to a high-protein diet.
“Recent estimates of overweight or obese dogs in the Western world imply that more than half of all dogs are above their ideal weight. As in humans, calorie restriction can be effective in reducing a dog’s weight. However, it often leads to emotional stress in pet owners, which in turn leads to low compliance, impairing its practical effectiveness.
In contrast, high-protein diets have been reported as effective as they lead to weight loss while minimizing muscle loss and induce satiety when combined with high fiber In humans, low-carbohydrate diets have been similarly effective at reducing weight, at least over the short term, with evidence that they increase satiety compared to low-calorie diets.”
– Source: Similarity of the dog and human gut microbiomes in gene content and response to diet by Coelho et al. Microbiome 2018 6:72
Their research may lead to better dog food formulae for overweight and obese dogs.
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